What Is The Minimum Gauge Wire For A 20 Amp Circuit?

How long can you run 12 gauge wire?

A 12 gauge wire is typically good for 15 amp at 100 feet.

For your 160 feet, they suggest a 6 gauge.

Even at 5% drop, you can’t get there for less than a 10 gauge wire and be remotely good..

How many outlets can you put on 12 gauge wire?

One rule of thumb, and it’s just a rule of thumb, not a rule of law, is to put no more than 8 receptacles on a 15-amp circuit with #14 wire, or 10 receptacles on a 20-amp circuit with #12 wire. For each lighting fixture you add to the same circuit, subtract one receptacle (very roughly speaking).

How many LED lights can I put on a 15 amp circuit?

Each CFL or LED bulb typically gives the same amount of light as a 60-watt incandescent bulb while drawing 10 watts or less, which is equivalent to a current draw of 1/12 amp. Thus a 15-amp circuit can safely control 180 or more fixtures that use CFL or LED bulbs.

Which is better GFCI outlet or breaker?

If you will have receptacles that need GFCI protection in these locations, use a GFCI breaker. GFCI receptacles are easier to install. … If money is an issue and you only need to protect a single location, a GFCI outlet might a better choice than a GFCI breaker.

Should I use 12 or 14 gauge wire?

As long as you don’t put too many lights on the light circuit, you can usually control that circuit with a 15-amp breaker, as well as wire it with a 14-gauge wire. … On the other hand, an outlet circuit controlled by a 20-amp breaker requires a 12-gauge wire.

Can I use 12 gauge wire for lights?

Yes, it is okay to use 12-2 cable to supply lighting fixtures. The other answer indicates that it even with 12-2 you have to use a 15A breaker for lighting circuits which is not strictly correct. If the entire circuit is 12AWG (other than fixture wires), then a 20A breaker may be used.

What gauge wire do you use for outlets?

Most household outlet circuits are either 15-amp or 20-amp 120-volt circuits. A circuit controlled by a 15-amp circuit breaker calls for 14-gauge NM cable and a receptacle rated for 15 amps. A circuit powered by a 20-amp circuit breaker calls for 20-amp receptacles, and it is wired with 12-gauge NM cable.

What is code for electrical outlets in a basement?

1. Outlets must be installed at any wall space 24 inches or greater, within 6 feet of all wall breaks, and 12 feet thereafter. 2. All basement outlet openings must be protected by a listed combination type Arc-Fault Circuit Interrupter (breaker), except bathrooms and unfinished areas.

Can you daisy chain GFCI outlets?

2 Answers. Daisy chaining GFCI devices can be problematic, even if they appear to be wired correctly. The downstream GFCI (receptacle) may perform an internal self-test when energized, which the upstream GFCI (breaker) detects as a fault. … You can daisy-chain GFCIs if you really want to.

How many outlets can I put on a 20 amp breaker?

10 receptaclesOne rule of thumb is to assign a maximum draw of 1.5 amps to each receptacle, which allows for 10 receptacles on a 20-amp circuit.

What is 14 gauge wire used for?

Why Wire Gauge Is ImportantWire UseRated AmpacityWire GaugeLow-voltage lighting and lamp cords10 amps18-gaugeExtension cords (light-duty)13 amps16-gaugeLight fixtures, lamps, lighting circuits15 amps14-gaugeKitchen, bathroom, and outdoor receptacles (outlets); 120-volt air conditioners20 amps12-gauge4 more rows

Can I put lights and outlets on the same circuit?

My short answer to the question is that “Yes, lights and power outlets (a.k.a AC receptacles) can be on the same circuit controlled by a circuit breaker, especially in a single family residential house”. … The circuit branch controlled by the 15A circuit breaker has a couple of lights and AC outlets connected.

What is the difference between GFI and GFCI?

There is no difference. Ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCI) and ground fault interrupters (GFI) are the exact same device under slightly different names. Though GFCI is more commonly used than GFI, the terms are interchangeable. GFCI circuit breakers and outlets protect people from electrical shock.

How far can you run 12 gauge wire on a 20 amp circuit?

The total circuit would be about 60 -70 feet in length. It would only be supplying about 5 outlets and one light. It would be a light load, running small things, no heaters or med/large equipment. #12 provides reasonable performance up to about 100′ with general loads like you describe.

Can I mix 12 gauge and 14 gauge wire?

Anyway, the first subject is a bit touchy because it makes it difficult to perform an inspection when all of the wires coming into the panel are 12 but many of the circuits have 14 in them too. There is nothing against code mixing wire size for these circuits as long as the OCPD matches the smallest wire.

Can 12 2 wire run underground?

In this method, the conduit can be as shallow as 6 inches deep, and the individual conducting wires inside should have a “W” labeling to indicate they are waterproof. THWN-2 wire, for example, is a standard type for running through underground conduit. … Never use thin-wall EMT conduit for underground applications.

Can I use 8 gauge wire on a 20 amp circuit?

You can usually fit 10 AWG wire under the screw; 8 AWG usually won’t fit. … Whereas 12 AWG is rated for 20 amps and 8 AWG is rated for 40 amps under normal conditions, a circuit wired with 12 AWG could drop below 110 volts at the end of a several hundred foot run when loaded to capacity.

How many outlets can one GFCI protect?

A standard GFCI will protect up to 20 amps, drawn from any combination of receptacles, either the built-in one or any number of additional ones connected to its load terminals.

Is it OK to use 12 gauge wire on a 15 amp circuit?

However, 12-gauge wire is acceptable on both 15- and 20-amp circuits, so some electricians use it exclusively when wiring a house.

Is a bigger gauge wire better?

The lower the gauge number, the thicker the wire. Thicker wire presents less resistance to current flow. Relative thickness of wire gauges, drawn to scale (not actual size). Thick wire (12 or 14 gauge) is recommended for long wire runs, high power applications, and low-impedance speakers (4 or 6 ohms).

How far can you run 14 gauge wire?

The following are the maximum lengths of cable you can use while still maintaining a 3 percent voltage drop for the given wire size (AWG) and circuit voltage….For 120-volt circuits:14 AWG50 feet12 AWG60 feet10 AWG64 feet8 AWG76 feet6 AWG94 feetOct 20, 2019

Can you have multiple GFCI outlets on the same circuit?

You only need 1 GFCI outlet per circuit (assuming it’s at the beginning of the line and the rest of the outlets are loads). They are correctly wired in parallel – if they were in series, you wouldn’t get the correct voltage at the other outlets when there is any type of load present. It is possible.

Can I use 14 gauge wire for outlets?

Yes you may use No. 14 AWG Cu wire for outlets but the Circuit Breaker to protect the circuit should be only 15A. Do not use 20A Circuit Breaker for this circuit. … The circuit should not have more than 10 receptacles.

What is 8 AWG wire used for?

Applications requiring Type AWM conductor is appropriate for use at temperatures to not exceed 105°C in dry locations. Also Known As: 8 Gauge Wire, #8 Copper wire, 8 AWG THWN-2, 8 Gauge THHN, hook up wire, conduit wire, hot tub wire, lighting wire, nylon copper wire, construction cable, etc…

Can you use 10 2 wire outlet?

Safety wise, it is fine to use a larger than required wire. Mechanical wise, a #10 should fit in the breaker OK (look at specs on breaker), but might not in the GFCI.

How many outlets can be on a 15 amp breaker?

10 outletsGenerally, homes have eight to 10 outlets on a 15 amp breaker but not all are used at the same time. Lights and outlets are normally wired on separate branch circuits, which means that the lights will be protected by a separate circuit breaker to the one which protects the outlets.

Do all outlets in bathroom need to be GFCI?

Where Should GFCI Outlets Be Installed? Bathrooms – All bathroom receptacles should have GFCI outlets installed. Garages & Sheds – Any area inside or outside of the house that is not considered a “habitable” room should include GFCI outlets. This includes garages, sheds, and any other work/storage areas.

Can I use 14 gauge wire on a 20 amp circuit?

NEC 240.4(D)(3) states that 14 AWG must be protected at 15A. You can not use 14 AWG anywhere on a circuit that has a 20A breaker. If you are putting 15 amp receptacles on a 20 amp circuit with 12 gauge wire, then you MUST use the screw terminals, not the back stab terminals. … Just use the side terminals.

What happens if wire gauge is too big?

using larger wire will not hurt anything or cause any overload. The larger wire will cost more, the pathway or where it has to fit, and the physical size of the connecting means (ie. the size of terminal or clamp it has to fit in), will all be determining factors in just how big is too big.

Can you bury wire without conduit?

In most cases, you’ll probably use conduit (a hollow tube through which you run individual wires). However, if you only need a power supply (without wires to control lights from inside the house,) you can use a direct burial cable, placed in the soil without conduit.